Cases involving felony criminal offenses (which are punishable by fines and/or prison of at least 1 year and 1 day), matters involving the property of a person who has died (probate), guardianships, juvenile matters for those under age 18, civil cases where the amount claimed is more than $30,000, divorces, and most actions involving real estate, are heard by the circuit court.[1] Appeals from many county court decisions and from final orders of local government code enforcement boards are heard by the Circuit Courts.

[1] § 26.012, Fla. Stat.