The Selective Service System cannot be fair and equitable without a high level of compliance with the law. Under the Military Selective Service Act, refusal to register can be punished by imprisonment of up to 5 years or a fine of not more than $10,000, or both imprisonment and a fine. Those who fail to register are also not eligible for certain programs and benefits at both the Federal and state level, if those program or benefits have been linked to registration. These include government jobs; student financial aid, loans or grants; security clearances; job training; and other government aid. Non-citizen males of age must register to protect their future hopes of becoming a citizen.